“ultravioletcyclone: “Is it so bad, then, to be misunderstood? Pythagoras was misunderstood, and Socrates, and Jesus, and Luther, and Copernicus, and Galileo, and Newton, and every pure and wise spirit that ever took flesh. To be great is to be misunderstood.”- Ralph Waldo Emerson”—born in the foam of the sea:
“All writers are vain, selfish, and lazy, and at the very bottom of their motives there lies a mystery. Writing a book is a horrible, exhausting struggle, like a long bout of some painful illness. One would never undertake such a thing if one were not driven on by some demon whom one can neither resist nor understand.”—George Orwell, on writing. (via theatlantic)
Active imagination: Method of assimilation of unconscious contents through their experimentation as fantasies in the wakeful state.*
Amplification: Method of association in the interpretation of dreams based on comparative studies of mythology, religion, fairy tales, alchemy, astrology, etc.*
Anima: The archetype of female in the man.
Animus: The archetype of male in woman.
Anthropos: Primordial man, archetypal image of wholeness in alchemy, religion, and gnostic philosophy. *
Archetype: Primary structural element of human psyche. The archetype equals biologist’s pattern of behavior as it rules the functioning of the psychical processes.
Archetypal image: The form or representation taken by the archetype in dreams, fantasies, cultural, and religious products.
Assimilation: The process of conscious integration of the contents of the personal and collective unconscious.
Compensation: A natural process of reestablishing a certain balance in the psyche.
Complex: An emotionally charged group of ideas or images.*
Coniuctio: (aka Conjunction) used in alchemy to define the union of opposites. In psychology, it means the union of the conscious with the unconscious (individuation)*
Constellation: Activation of a psychic personal complex or an archetypal content.*
Enantiodromia: According to Jung, the path to individuation leads one through opposing attitudes.*
Individuation: Complex process of synthesis of the Self which consists mainly of the union of the unconscious with the conscious.*
Inflation: Following the identification with an archetypal image, the effect of this identification is to exaggerate the proportions of the Ego.
Libido: Tendency towards (lust) psychic energy that can be transmitted to other drives as well.
Numinous: It defines the quality of archetypal images to inspire powerful feelings of panic, devotion, etc.*
Mystical participation: Taken from anthropology - defines the process of identification of the human subject with external phenomena, objects, and beings with the aim of taking over or determining specific effects.
Persona: Mask of the Ego, its social expression, and the way the others see us.
Personal unconscious: The Freudian unconscious, made of repressed wishes.
Philosophical stone: (aka philosopher stone) Alchemist term identified by Jung with the process of individuation and accomplishment of the Self.*
Projection: Autonomous process by which features (usually repressed) of the Ego are assigned to other people (external objects).*
Quaternity: A visual representation of the psychic Totality through square images.*
Self: The archetype of psychic totality.
Shadow: Containing repressed parts of the human personality, the shadow is the counterpart of Freudian unconscious. (archetypal content)
Symbol: The representation of something unfamiliar in the psychic, usually an instance of the Self.
Synchronicity: A non-casual connection between two or more various phenomena (psychic and/or physical)*
Wholeness: (aka Totality) Psychic stage in which the union of the unconscious with the conscious has been achieved.
Wise Old Man: Archetypal image that embodies wisdom. In Individuation, it embodies the collective unconscious.
* represents the things i must look into more.
Archetypes constitute the structure of the collective unconscious. They are psychic innate dispositions to experience and represent basic human behavior and situations. Archetypal images can be seen in dreams and through symbols. It can also be seen as the Sage (wise old man) within each person as an innate library of human knowledge.
While each contain the Sage, there are many other archetypes that converge to form individual psyche. These tend to be present in mythology and stories that contain patterns and similarities that cannot be connected through conventional means. They effect on our thoughts is numinous and influence and interest the Ego immensely. The archetype has no exact form, but is more of a shell or scaffold for which the pieces may be formulated with. They also resemble instinct by which they cannot be recognized unless manifested through intention or action.
The shadow has always been a curious notion for me personally. The shadow contains the repressed part of one’s Ego. Through assimilation, one can complete the individuation process. My teen years threw me into shadow which took a good ten years of my life to emerge from and i am always searching for deeper roots.
Jung’s theories on dream interpretation encompasses 4 generalized terms:
Freud interpreted dreams at an object level, as relationship between the dreamer and persons or situations in real life. Whereas, Jung’s subject level indicates that the dreams are based off the changes in the individuals psychic strata, therefore an indicator of change that can lead to the individuation process.
Freud approached dream analysis in a retrospective manner. Jung’s prospective level treats dreams like a map of the dreamer’s future psychological evolution towards a more balanced relationship between one’s Ego and Self. Complexes are not as important as what the Ego does with them, and become raw material for the unconscious to express itself.
Compensation is a concept of which the dream is an attempt to counterbalance a hypertrophied conscious psychological tendency. Thus, this becomes a prime focus in dream interpretation. It can act as an unconscious projection of an overbearing archetype represented through dreams.
Adding to Freud’s free association method, Jung coined the term method of amplification. Due to elements of individuals dreams that cannot provide personal associations, one must associate these elements (symbols) in order to close gaps in the conscious.
The most common method should be Freud’s dream analysis, while Jung’s can encompass anything that is not defined through Freud.
I Ching and Synchronicity
“A certain curious principle that I have termed synchronicity, a concept that formulates a point of view diametrically opposed to that of causality. Since the latter is a merely statistical truth and not absolute, it is a sort of working hypothesis of how events evolve one out of another, whereas synchronicity takes the coincidence of events in space and time as meaning something more than mere chance.”
I Ching calls to fact that psyche and matter are not separated nor are the inner and outer worlds. Many of the concepts in ancient Chinese thought reflect a certain understanding of Jung’s synchronicity. The term synchronicity refers to an acausal connection of two or more psycho-physic phenomena.
Alchemy is symbolic of the individuation process. Psychological processes tent to be encoded, especially with terms that alchemy operates with; prima materia, unus mundus, Mercurius, filium philosophorum, lapis, and more.
Prima materia: (First matter) the most fundamental concepts of alchemy. It is the original material from which the universe is created.
Unus mundus:(One world) an underlying unified reality from which everything emerges and returns to.
Mercurius: (Mercury or quicksilver) the world-creating spirit concealed or imprisoned in matter.
Filium philosophorum: (Philosophers’ child) Among these images are the transformed hermaphroditic Hermes, the child of the Red King and White Queen (sun & moon), the child of the egg, and the three-fathered Orion.
Lapis philosophorum: (Philosopher’s stone) Possibly the final result of the individuation process. I haven’t found anything mentioning it yet though.
Anima mundi: (World soul) An intrinsic connection between all living things on the planet, which relates to our world in much the same was as the soul is connected to the body. (not mentioned as actual alchemical process, but relevant in personal curiosity)